05 Settembre 2018 :
COUNTRY STATUS ON THE DEATH PENALTY
(as of 31 December 2016)
Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaigian, Belgium, Benin, Bermuda*, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Erzegovina, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Czech Republic, Colombia, Cook Island*, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cypro, Denmark, Djibuti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, France, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Italia, Ivory Coast, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia (The former Yuoslav Republic of), Madagascar, Malta, Marshall Island, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, New Zeland, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Polonia, Portugal, Romania, Ruanda, Samoa, San Marino, São Tomé and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovacchia, Slovenia, Solomon Island, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ucraina, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City* and Venezuela.
Abolitionist for ordinary crimes: 6
Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Israel, Kazakhstan and Perù.
De facto abolitionist (countries that have not carried out any executions for at least 10 years or countries which have binding obligations not to use the death penalty; date of last known execution in parenthesis): 43
Antigua e Barbuda (1991), Bahamas (2000), Barbados (1984), Belize (1985), Birmania (1988), Brunei Darussalam (1957), Burkina Faso (1988), Cameroon (1997), Central African Republic (1981), Comoros (1997), Congo (1982), Korea South (1997), Cuba (2003), Democratic Republic of Congo (2003), Dominica (1986), Eritrea (no death penalty since independence in 1993), Ghana (1993), Jamaica (1988), Grenada (1978), Guyana (1997), Kenya (1987), Laos (1989), Lebanon (2004), Lesotho (1995), Liberia (2000), Malawi (1992), Maldive (1953), Mauritania (1987), Morocco (1993), Niger (no death penalty nor execution since 1976), Papua New Guinea (1957), Qatar (2003), Santa Lucia (1995), Saint Vincent e Grenadine (1995), Sierra Leone (1998), Sri Lanka (1976), Swaziland (1982), Tanzania (1994), Tonga (1982), Trinidad and Tobago (1999), Tunisia (1991), Zambia (1997) and Zimbabwe (2005).
Retentionist Countries Observing a Moratorium on Executions: 6
Algeria, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Mali, Russia and Tajikistan.
Afghanistan, Bahrein, Bangladesh, Belarus, Botswana, Chad, China, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Malesia, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine*, Saint Kitts e Nevis, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Syria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Taiwan*, Thailandia, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, USA, Vietnam and Yemen.
Source: Hands Off Cain
Underlined: countries (2) which have binding obligations not to use the death penalty
In bold: liberal democracies1 (6) that retain the death penalty
In italics: changes (2) with regard to 2015
* Non-UN member States
1 The classification “liberal democracy” is based on the rigorous analytic standards employed by Freedom House in its Freedom in the World 2016 report on the state of political rights and civil liberties around the world (www.freedomhouse.org).