13 Luglio 2020 :
COUNTRY STATUS ON THE DEATH PENALTY (as of 31 December 2018)
Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Benin, Bermuda*, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Islands Cook*, Italy, Ivory Coast, Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of ), Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, North Macedonia, Norway, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, São Tomè and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City* and Venezuela.
Abolitionist for Ordinary Crimes: 8
Brazil, Burkina Faso, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, Israel, Kazakhstan and Peru.
De Facto Abolitionist (countries that have not carried out any executions for at least 10 years or countries which have binding obligations not to use the death penalty; date of last known execution in parenthesis): 45
Antigua and Barbuda (1991), Bahamas (2000), Barbados (1984), Belize (1985), Brunei Darussalam (1957), Cameroon (1997), Central African Republic (1981), Comoros (1997), Congo (1982), Cuba (2003), Democratic Republic of the Congo (2003), Dominica (1986), Eritrea (no executions since independence in 1993), Eswatini (former Swaziland) (1982), Ethiopia (2007), Ghana (1993), Grenada (1978), Guyana (1997), Jamaica (1988), Kenya (1987), Laos (1989), Lebanon (2004), Lesotho (1995), Liberia (2000), Malawi (1992), Maldives (1953), Mauritania (1987), Morocco (1993), Myanmar (1988), Niger (no executions or death sentences since 1976), Papua New Guinea (1957), Qatar (2003), Saint Kitts and Nevis (2008), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1995), Saint Lucia (1995), Sierra Leone (1998), South Korea (1997), Sri Lanka (1976), Tanzania (1994), Tonga (1982), Trinidad and Tobago (1999), Tunisia (1991), Uganda (2005), Zambia (1997) and Zimbabwe (2005).
Retentionist Countries Observing a Moratorium on Executions: 6
Algeria, Equatorial Guinea, Malaysia, Mali, Russia and Tajikistan.
Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Botswana, Chad, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine*, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Taiwan*, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, United States of America, Vietnam and Yemen.
Source: Hands Off Cain
Underlined: countries (2) which have binding obligations not to use the death penalty
In bold: liberal democracies1 (5) that retain the death penalty In italics: changes (4) with regard to 2017
* Non-UN member States
1 The classification “liberal democracy” is based on the rigorous analytic standards employed by Freedom House in its Freedom in the World 2019 report on the state of political rights and civil liberties around the world (www.freedomhouse.org).